How to grow feijoa on the windowsill?
You buy feijoa fruits at the market or in the store if they are not quite ripe (i.e. solid), wait for them to ripen, eat them with pleasure, and take part of the pulp and seeds from one fruit. These seeds are very small and do not separate from the pulp, so here you need to apply one “little trick”, namely: adding a little water to the pulp, leave it for three days for fermentation, after that the seeds will easily separate from the fruit, you will wash them, dry them and ... you can safely store for three years. They will not deteriorate and will not lose germination! But we will not store them for a long time. We will sow them in February. They say this is the best time to plant feijoa.
Before sowing, the seeds can be kept in a potassium permanganate solution for disinfection. And I usually sow them this way: I take the earth (I bring the earth from the dacha, and you can buy a special substrate for germinating seeds in the store), pour it into a medium-sized pot (15 centimeters in diameter); you can take other dishes, only let there be a hole in the bottom; if you take a plastic box for seed germination from under something unnecessary, in the sense - used, you can make a hole in it with a heated nail; and on top (attention!) I pour a layer of washed and calcined sand (not sugar!). This is done in order to avoid mold during germination, and after germination the roots quickly reach the nutrient layer and the plant develops normally in the first days of life. If you bring sand from the street, try to rinse it very carefully. Then dry and bake in a dry clean frying pan.
Moisten the contents of the pot well, sprinkle not too many seeds on the surface (small seeds can be pre-mixed with dry sand for a more even distribution). Place the pot in a plastic bag so that it looks like a dome from a film above it and put it in a warm place. At first, it does not have to be bright. Check the contents of the package every day. If necessary, allow excess moisture to evaporate.
And finally, the seeds hatch (this can happen three to four weeks after sowing) and you have the opportunity to observe the magical miracle of the development of a tiny plant. Everything happens right before your eyes. Your feijoa grow and get stronger. Now they need light. And fortunately, there is more and more light in your room. After all, spring has already come.
Your young plants look charming: they have dark green oval leathery leaves, silver-gray from the inside. They smell good when rubbed. After all, this plant belongs to the myrtle family. It deodorizes the air, refreshing and healing it. A thin stalk stretches higher and higher. It's time to give each plant a separate living space. Seed the feijoa in separate pots. Buy soil suitable for myrtle.
© Forest & Kim Starr
What to do with "extra" plants? I think you will present them to relatives and friends. True, I had only one seed sprouted at one time, but I still presented the plant with my friends. Now feijoa grows with them, and I'm going to repeat the whole described procedure with a new batch of seeds. But here is what I want to warn you about. During seed propagation, varietal characters are not saved, so if you have a single bush, it may disappoint you. Keep a few plants for yourself, and when they bloom and produce fruits in about five years, you will have the opportunity to compare their taste and conduct a fruit tasting with the invitation of friends.
When the plant reaches a height of 30 centimeters, you have to reluctantly perform the first operation: cut off about a third of it. Otherwise, it will stretch upward, and so you will help the plant turn into a fluffy tree. After the appearance of several side branches, you can once again trim them. And stop there. Forming a “correct crown” is not necessary. Let it grow as it wants.
© Eliot Phillips
Feijoa grows rapidly, and the first three years it is transplanted annually. Transplant carefully so as not to break fragile twigs.
In the future, feijoa can be propagated by cuttings (cutting off semi-lignified shoots 10-12 cm long with 2-3 leaves in October-December and necessarily soaking in a solution of heteroauxin or root root for 16-18 hours, since they are difficult to root). But in adult plants, a lot of root shoots are formed, which is also suitable for reproduction. Moreover, in order for the plant to bear fruit, root growth must be removed.
Adult plants are transplanted every 5 years, kept in a fairly bright room, although they tolerate light shading. Feijoa grow in nature on very poor, sandy and rocky soils, and if you grow them on rich fertile soil and fertilize, your plants will thank you for your care.
Arrange them sometimes with “sea breezes” - carefully spray the leaves with warm water (on hot summer days and in winter, when the air is very dry). The optimum air temperature in winter is 12-14 degrees.
The feijoa bush blooming in your house will not leave anyone indifferent: neither you, nor your guests.
- Feijoa on the School of Life website